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There are a number of "classic" heresies that have arisen in church history. I have compiled a brief list below. Once you are familiar with these, you will notice similarities with cult teachings and other modern heresies as well. One "hot" topic is Shepherdism, or conditional justification. I've included an article by O. Palmer Robertson refuting it. It may be more than you wanted to know. 

Heresy is anything which contradicts orthodoxy; and orthodoxy is the testimony of a particular Church or denomination as to what the Bible teaches is true. In our day, orthodoxy has unfortunately been discarded. But heresy is not avoided by abandoning the historic creeds and confessions - it is encouraged by it. "Evangelicalism" largely abandoned creeds and confessions after a number of 19th and 20th century theolgians taught that they are not consistent with the divine "doctrine of God." Finite man, these theologians said, is incapable of knowing an infinite God, or his truths. In other words, they were saying that God did not adequately reveal himself to us in the bible. They rejected the notion that the bible is a consistent series of propositional truths which can be organized into a creed. Instead, they believed that the bible is a series of disjointed truths that compete with one another, creating paradoxes and contradictions. John Robbins attacks this heresy popularized by Cornelius Van Til. Indeed, Robbins doesn't just call such a view of Scripture heresy, but apostasy - a damnable lie. Buckle your seat-belt. I included Robbins' article on John Piper as well for its clear statement of the Protestant doctrine of Justification. If you can block out his diatribes and hyperbole, Robbins does get to the heart of the matter. For a more balanced view, try Chapell.

The next two articles may be a bit controversial and even contentious, but you ought to consider the issues they raise.